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Flooring Knowledge

Blog, Carpet
Are you new to the world of flooring and don’t quite understand all the technical terminology? Not to worry, we have compiled a comprehensive list, you’ll be a pro before you know it! Axminster a traditional method of manufacturing carpet. Axminster carpet is when each tuft of yarn is woven and locked into place by shots of backing yarn to create a strong, integrated three-dimensional structure that produces highly patterned designs of many colours. Architect card an A4 sized card with small pieces of carpet samples showcasing all the colours available in the particular range or style of carpet and technical specifications. ACCS an abbreviation for Australian Carpet Classification Scheme, this is a national carpet grading scheme covering all types of carpet and all carpet fibres. Berber traditionally Berber carpet was made from natural-coloured wools however, these days a Berber is a heather carpet with a homespun appearance. Binding is where the material is stitched to the edge of the carpet to neatly finish the carpet. Generally used on rugs and mats. Broadloom the term for a carpet that is manufactured in 3.66m widths which is the same size of the machine. Cut pile is carpet which the tops of loops are cut to a uniform length, lightly twisted and heat set so the yarns stand upright. Crushing is when the carpet fibres are exposed to excessive amounts of pressure and fibres compress and flatten out. Extreme soiling and lack of routine maintenance may also cause this. Fading is where the colour of your carpet fades from being exposed to UV light and sunlight. Felted yarn is a special process in which the wool fibre is strengthened by permanently locking together the tiny scales to form a very powerful, resilient and smooth bond. Frise (pronounced free-zay) this carpet pile uses highly twisted yarn for a more textured cut pile. Grading An assessment that is given to a carpet following testing, to indicate its suitability for a particular location e.g. Heavy duty domestic/stairs. Heather carpet yarn made from more than one fibre colour, giving it a flecked and multi-coloured effect. Hi-Low loops of different heights which create patterns of lines within the carpet. Insert is when the carpet is laid into a cut out in the floor. Once laid the carpet and surrounding floor is one level. Loop pile carpet where the yarn has loops. Lineal metres is a standard length of carpet that measures 3.66m wide x 1 metre long. Pile weight the weight of the pile per square metre of carpet. Plush is a short, one level cut pile carpet. Pilling A condition where carpet fibres from different tufts entangle with one another forming hard masses called “Pills”. This can occur in heavy traffic areas. Pills can be safely clipped off with scissors. Primary backing is generally made with woven polypropylene during the production process. Pattern match all patterned carpets are varied in their repeat pattern size. Pattern match is when you have two pieces of carpet that the pattern meets together in the two different pieces. Solution Dyed Nylon (SDN) is a pre-dyeing process where the nylon thread is dyed before the fibre is made into carpet. Smoothedge is a thin piece of wood with small sharp pins that are used to install and hold the carpet in place. Soiling is the result of a residue on the carpet fibres which attracts dirt particles making the carpet appear dirty and unclean Seam are often used in large areas where the width is more than 3.66m. A seam is when two pieces of carpet are joined together. Secondary backing in good quality carpets a woven jute backing is glued to the primary backing to give the carpet strength and stability. Shading the effect, caused for example by footprints, which can be removed simply by brushing the carpet pile in the direction of its natural lay. Shag pile is a thick, long, rough carpet pile. Tracking areas of permanent shading relating to foot traffic patterns within a location are referred to as tracking effects. Turning points in a room and doorways are susceptible to this form of predictable traffic-induced shading. Can also be referred to as watermarking. Twist refers to the spiral disposition of the components of yarn, often referred to as a Twist pile. Tufted carpet carpet that is made by punching the pile yarn through the carpet backing material. A similar action of a regular sewing machine. Underlay refers to the layer of cushioning made from materials such as foam, felt or rubber which is then laid between your subfloor and new carpet. Velour a cut pile carpet with straighter than twisted yarn with the cut ends at the top, giving a soft, velvety like surface. Woven carpet is when multiple yarns are interlocked/weaved together at the same time with the backing. 80/20 the 80% wool, 20% nylon. The softness of wool combined with the strength of nylon creates the perfect carpet yarn. References: Wools of New Zealand (1997) The Carpet Book: Choosing the right carpet https://www.brintons.com.au/residential/help-advice/carpet-terms https://floorcentral.com/carpet-terminology/
Blog, Flooring, Vinyl Planks
There is no question we all spend a large portion of our lives indoors, so it’s essential to consider the materials used in our homes and their impact on the environment as well as our health. Thankfully research and technology are continually evolving, which allows manufactures to create new products accordingly. Whether you’re building or […]
Blog, Carpet
With your brand new carpet now installed, it’s important you know how to clean and maintain your carpet for the future. Looking after your carpet is vital! When you remove the dirt that leads to stains, you’re preserving the carpet’s original texture and increasing its lifespan. Considering the average Australian spends 83% of their life […]
Blog, Carpet
As the saying goes, ‘out of sight, out of mind’, well this is the case for majority of people. Underlay is the most underestimated feature when purchasing new carpet. The importance of carpet underlay is vital! The time and money you spend on choosing a good quality underlay won’t be wasted. A good quality underlay […]
Blog, Carpet, Custom Carpet
Are you looking for something a little more unique? Custom carpet is your answer. At Cross Carpets we offer custom wall to wall carpet in a variety of colours and designs to suit every Australian home. We work together with you to create a unique carpet that truly compliments your space and everyday living. All our […]
News, Carpet
We’re thrilled to announce one of our suppliers, Cavalier Bremworth revealed last Friday they will be transitioning into an all wool and natural fibre company and as a stockist of their carpet we couldn’t be more excited. “Cavalier has always believed that wool is the best fibre for carpet and it is considered a global […]
Blog, Carpet
As winter approaches there is nothing worse than waking up from a restful night’s sleep, only to find your feet on a cold floor. We need to start to thinking about warming our homes, a simple and easy way to do this, is to add carpet. Wool carpet is a great option as it instantly transforms […]
Blog, Carpet
When considering carpet, you can’t go past wool. At Cross Carpets we have seen for ourselves just how durable wool carpet truly is. It stands the test of time like no other carpet fibre. Wool has been used to manufacture carpet for thousands of years, the oldest wool carpet was found in Siberia, dating back […]
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Your Local Floor Specialists
Christmas Closure

The team at Cross Carpets would like to wish you a safe and happy holiday season.

Please note our showroom and warehouse will be closed from 24th December 2020 and reopen on
Monday 4th January 2021. If you would like to get in touch during this time, please email
hello@crosscarpets.com.au, and one of our staff members will get back to you within a couple of days.

However, while we are away, feel free to visit our blog or social media pages.

We look forward to seeing you in 2021.

Thanks Cross Carpets team

Can't wait and want to get in touch.

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